What is the cause of acute prostatitis

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What is the Cause of Acute Prostatitis?


Acute prostatitis is a bacterial infection of the prostate gland. It is a relatively common condition, affecting about 1 in 10 men at some point in their lives. Acute prostatitis is usually caused by bacteria that enter the prostate through the urethra. These bacteria can come from the bladder, the urethra, or the rectum.

Causes of Acute Prostatitis

The most common cause of acute prostatitis is a bacterial infection. The bacteria that cause acute prostatitis are usually the same bacteria that cause urinary tract infections (UTIs). These bacteria include:

Escherichia coli (E. coli)

Klebsiella pneumoniae

Proteus mirabilis

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Staphylococcus aureus

Acute prostatitis can also be caused by other organisms, such as viruses, fungi, or parasites. However, these are less common causes.

In some cases, acute prostatitis can be caused by a non-infectious condition, such as:

Trauma to the prostate

Prostate surgery

Prostate cancer

Radiation therapy to the prostate

Risk Factors for Acute Prostatitis

There are several factors that can increase a man's risk of developing acute prostatitis. These include:

Age: Men over 50 are at an increased risk of developing acute prostatitis.

Race: African-American men are at an increased risk of developing acute prostatitis.

Sexual activity: Men who have multiple sexual partners or who engage in unprotected sex are at an increased risk of developing acute prostatitis.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs): Men who have a history of UTIs are at an increased risk of developing acute prostatitis.

Prostate enlargement: Men with prostate enlargement are at an increased risk of developing acute prostatitis.

Diabetes: Men with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing acute prostatitis.

Weakened immune system: Men with weakened immune systems are at an increased risk of developing acute prostatitis.

Symptoms of Acute Prostatitis

The symptoms of acute prostatitis can vary depending on the severity of the infection. Common symptoms include:



Muscle aches





Pain in the lower back, groin, or rectum

Burning or pain during urination

Frequent urination

Difficulty urinating

Blood in the urine or semen

Diagnosis of Acute Prostatitis

Acute prostatitis is diagnosed based on the patient's symptoms and a physical examination. The doctor will also perform a digital rectal exam to check for swelling or tenderness of the prostate.

The doctor may also order some tests to confirm the diagnosis, such as:


Urine culture

Blood culture

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test

Treatment of Acute Prostatitis

Acute prostatitis is usually treated with antibiotics. The type of antibiotic used will depend on the bacteria that is causing the infection. Antibiotics are usually taken for 10-14 days.

In some cases, the doctor may also prescribe other medications to help relieve the symptoms of acute prostatitis. These medications may include:

Pain relievers

Anti-inflammatory medications

Muscle relaxants


In severe cases, the doctor may need to perform surgery to drain the prostate abscess.

Prevention of Acute Prostatitis

There are no surefire ways to prevent acute prostatitis. However, there are some things that men can do to reduce their risk of developing this condition, such as:

Practicing safe sex

Getting vaccinated against UTIs

Treating UTIs promptly

Avoiding trauma to the prostate

Maintaining a healthy weight

Eating a healthy diet

Getting regular exercise

Not smoking

Limiting alcohol intake

The above is all the content that the editor wants to share with you. I sincerely hope that these contents can bring some help to your life and health, and I also wish that your life will be happier and happier.

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