What is dysuria

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What is Dysuria


Dysuria is a burning or stinging sensation during urination. It is a common symptom of urinary tract infections (UTIs), but it can also be caused by other conditions, such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), kidney stones, or prostate problems.

Types of Dysuria

There are two main types of dysuria:

Urethral dysuria: This type of dysuria is felt in the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. It is often caused by STIs, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea.

Suprapubic dysuria: This type of dysuria is felt in the suprapubic area, the area above the pubic bone. It is often caused by UTIs or kidney stones.

Causes of Dysuria

The most common cause of dysuria is UTIs. UTIs are caused by bacteria that enter the urethra and travel up the urinary tract to the bladder. Other causes of dysuria include:

STIs: STIs, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and herpes, can cause inflammation of the urethra or bladder, which can lead to dysuria.

Kidney stones: Kidney stones are hard deposits that can form in the kidneys. When kidney stones pass through the urinary tract, they can cause irritation and dysuria.

Prostate problems: Prostate problems, such as prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate gland) or an enlarged prostate, can block the flow of urine and cause dysuria.

Medications: Some medications, such as chemotherapy drugs and antibiotics, can cause dysuria as a side effect.

Symptoms of Dysuria

The most common symptom of dysuria is a burning or stinging sensation during urination. Other symptoms of dysuria include:

Frequent urination: You may feel the need to urinate more often than usual.

Urgency to urinate: You may feel a sudden, urgent need to urinate.

Painful urination: Urination may be painful or uncomfortable.

Cloudy or foul-smelling urine: Your urine may be cloudy or have a foul smell.

Blood in the urine: You may see blood in your urine.

Diagnosis of Dysuria

Your doctor will diagnose dysuria based on your symptoms and a physical examination. Your doctor may also order tests to confirm the diagnosis, such as:

Urinalysis: A urinalysis is a test that ***yzes your urine for bacteria, blood, and other abnormalities.

Urine culture: A urine culture is a test that grows bacteria from your urine to identify the type of bacteria causing the infection.

Cystoscopy: A cystoscopy is a procedure in which your doctor inserts a thin, lighted tube into your urethra and bladder to look for abnormalities.

Treatment of Dysuria

The treatment for dysuria depends on the underlying cause. If the dysuria is caused by a UTI, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection. If the dysuria is caused by an STI, your doctor will prescribe medication to treat the STI. If the dysuria is caused by kidney stones, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove the kidney stones. If the dysuria is caused by prostate problems, your doctor may recommend medication or surgery to treat the prostate problems.

Prevention of Dysuria

There are no surefire ways to prevent dysuria, but the following tips can help reduce your risk:

Drink plenty of fluids: Drinking plenty of fluids helps flush bacteria out of your urinary tract and can help prevent UTIs.

Urinate frequently: Urinating frequently helps prevent bacteria from building up in your urinary tract.

Wipe from front to back: Wiping from front to back helps prevent bacteria from entering your urethra.

Avoid douching: Douching can disrupt the normal balance of bacteria in your vagina and can increase your risk of UTIs.

Practice safe sex: Using condoms during sex can help prevent STIs.

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