What is acute prostatitis

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What is Acute Prostatitis?

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Acute prostatitis is a bacterial infection of the prostate gland. The prostate is a small, walnut-sized gland located just below the bladder in men. It produces fluid that helps to nourish and protect sperm.

Acute prostatitis is usually caused by bacteria that enter the prostate through the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. These bacteria can come from the rectum, the intestines, or the skin around the penis.

Acute prostatitis can also be caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. In some cases, acute prostatitis can be caused by a virus or a fungus.

Symptoms of Acute Prostatitis

The symptoms of acute prostatitis can vary depending on the severity of the infection. Common symptoms include:

Painful urination

Frequent urination

Urgent urination

Difficulty starting urination

Weak or slow urine stream

Pain in the lower back, pelvis, or testicles

Fever

Chills

Nausea

Vomiting

Diagnosis of Acute Prostatitis

Your doctor will diagnose acute prostatitis based on your symptoms and a physical examination. Your doctor may also order some tests, such as:

Urine culture: This test checks for bacteria in your urine.

Blood culture: This test checks for bacteria in your blood.

Prostate massage: This test involves massaging your prostate gland to collect a sample of fluid. The fluid is then tested for bacteria.

Treatment of Acute Prostatitis

Acute prostatitis is usually treated with antibiotics. The type of antibiotic your doctor prescribes will depend on the bacteria that is causing the infection. You will need to take the antibiotics for several weeks to clear the infection.

In some cases, your doctor may also prescribe pain relievers or other medications to help relieve your symptoms.

Complications of Acute Prostatitis

If acute prostatitis is not treated promptly, it can lead to serious complications, such as:

Prostate abscess: This is a collection of pus in the prostate gland.

Epididymitis: This is an infection of the epididymis, the tube that carries sperm from the testicles to the penis.

Orchitis: This is an infection of the testicles.

Sepsis: This is a life-threatening infection that can spread throughout the body.

Prevention of Acute Prostatitis

There is no sure way to prevent acute prostatitis, but you can reduce your risk by:

Practicing safe sex: Use condoms every time you have sex.

Keeping your genitals clean: Wash your genitals with soap and water every day.

Avoiding *** sex: Anal sex can introduce bacteria into the rectum, which can then spread to the prostate.

Drinking plenty of fluids: Drinking plenty of fluids helps to flush out bacteria from the urinary tract.

Eating a healthy diet: A healthy diet helps to support your immune system and fight off infection.

Getting regular exercise: Regular exercise helps to improve your circulation and boost your immune system.

When to See a Doctor

If you have any symptoms of acute prostatitis, it is important to see your doctor right away. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent serious complications.

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