What to do if your baby has allergic cough in the throat

Disease science

What to do if your baby has allergic cough in the throat

Too-Yourhealth

What is an allergic cough?

An allergic cough is a cough that is caused by an allergy. When your baby breathes in an allergen, their immune system overreacts and produces antibodies called immunoglobulin E (IgE). These antibodies bind to cells in the lining of the airways, causing them to release histamine and other inflammatory chemicals. These chemicals cause the airways to become inflamed and narrow, which can lead to coughing.

What are the symptoms of an allergic cough?

The symptoms of an allergic cough can include:

A dry, hacking cough that is worse at night or in the early morning

Wheezing or difficulty breathing

A runny nose

Itchy, watery eyes

Sneezing

A rash or hives

What are the common allergens that can cause allergic cough in babies?

The most common allergens that can cause allergic cough in babies are:

Dust mites

Pet dander

Pollen

Mold

Food allergies, such as milk, eggs, peanuts, or soy

How is an allergic cough diagnosed?

Your doctor will diagnose your baby's allergic cough based on their symptoms and a physical exam. They may also order a skin prick test or a blood test to confirm the diagnosis.

How is an allergic cough treated?

The treatment for an allergic cough will depend on the severity of your baby's symptoms. If your baby's symptoms are mild, your doctor may recommend:

Avoiding the allergen that is causing the cough

Using a humidifier to add moisture to the air

Giving your baby over-the-counter cough suppressants

If your baby's symptoms are more severe, your doctor may prescribe:

Inhaled corticosteroids to reduce inflammation in the airways

Oral antihistamines to block the effects of histamine

Leukotriene modifiers to block the effects of leukotrienes, which are inflammatory chemicals

Immunotherapy to gradually desensitize your baby to the allergen that is causing the cough

Can allergic cough be prevented?

There is no sure way to prevent allergic cough, but there are some things you can do to reduce your baby's risk of developing it:

Avoid exposing your baby to allergens, such as dust mites, pet dander, and pollen

Use a humidifier to add moisture to the air

Breastfeed your baby for at least the first six months of life

Introduce solid foods one at a time and watch for any signs of an allergic reaction

When to see a doctor

You should see a doctor if your baby has an allergic cough that is:

Severe or persistent

Accompanied by other symptoms, such as wheezing, difficulty breathing, or a rash

Not improving with home treatment

Other tips for managing allergic cough in babies

Here are some other tips for managing allergic cough in babies:

Keep your baby's environment clean and free of allergens

Wash your baby's bedding and stuffed animals in hot water regularly

Avoid smoking around your baby

Use a nasal saline spray to help thin mucus and make it easier for your baby to breathe

Give your baby plenty of fluids to help keep their airways moist

Allergic cough can be a common problem in babies, but it can be managed with the right treatment. If your baby has an allergic cough, talk to your doctor about the best course of treatment.

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