Baby coughing and sputum is allergic cough

Disease science

Baby Coughing and Sputum: Could It Be Allergic Cough?


Coughing and sputum production are common symptoms in children. While most coughs are caused by viral infections, some can be due to allergies. Allergic cough, also known as allergic rhinitis, is a condition in which the body's immune system reacts to an allergen, such as pollen, dust, or pet dander. This reaction causes inflammation of the nasal passages and airways, leading to coughing and sputum production.

Symptoms of Allergic Cough in Babies

The symptoms of allergic cough in babies can vary depending on the severity of the allergy. Common symptoms include:

- Frequent coughing

- Clear or white sputum

- Sneezing

- Runny nose

- Itchy or watery eyes

- Nasal congestion

- Wheezing

In some cases, allergic cough can also cause difficulty breathing, especially in babies with asthma.

Diagnosis of Allergic Cough in Babies

Diagnosing allergic cough in babies can be challenging, as the symptoms can be similar to those of other respiratory conditions, such as colds and the flu. To diagnose allergic cough, your doctor will likely perform a physical exam and ask about your baby's symptoms. They may also order allergy tests, such as a skin prick test or blood test, to determine what allergens your baby is reacting to.

Treatment for Allergic Cough in Babies

The treatment for allergic cough in babies depends on the severity of the allergy and the specific allergens that are triggering the symptoms. Common treatments include:

- Over-the-counter medications: Over-the-counter antihistamines and decongestants can help to relieve symptoms of allergic cough. However, these medications should not be given to babies under 6 months old.

- Prescription medications: If over-the-counter medications are not effective, your doctor may prescribe stronger medications, such as inhaled corticosteroids or leukotriene inhibitors. These medications can help to reduce inflammation and prevent coughing.

- Allergy shots: Allergy shots are a long-term treatment for allergies. They work by gradually exposing your baby to small amounts of the allergen, which helps the body build up tolerance.

- Avoidance of allergens: The most effective way to prevent allergic cough is to avoid the allergens that trigger your baby's symptoms. This may mean avoiding certain foods, such as milk or eggs, or keeping your baby away from pets or other animals.

When to See a Doctor

If your baby has a cough that does not improve after a few days, or if the cough is accompanied by other symptoms, such as fever, difficulty breathing, or wheezing, it is important to see a doctor. These symptoms could be a sign of a more serious respiratory condition, such as pneumonia or bronchitis.


Allergic cough is a common condition in babies. While the symptoms can be uncomfortable, they can usually be managed with over-the-counter medications or prescription medications. If your baby has a cough that does not improve after a few days, or if the cough is accompanied by other symptoms, it is important to see a doctor.

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