Beware of 5 major causes of cystitis

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Beware of 5 Major Causes of Cystitis


Cystitis is a condition that causes inflammation of the bladder. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including infection, irritation, and injury. While cystitis is usually not a serious condition, it can be very uncomfortable and can lead to complications if left untreated.

5 Major Causes of Cystitis

1. Bacterial Infection

The most common cause of cystitis is a bacterial infection. Bacteria can enter the bladder through the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine out of the body. Once in the bladder, bacteria can multiply and cause inflammation.

2. Irritation

Cystitis can also be caused by irritation of the bladder. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

Using harsh soaps or douches

Wearing tight clothing

Using certain medications, such as chemotherapy drugs

Having a sexually transmitted infection (STI)

3. Injury

Cystitis can also be caused by injury to the bladder. This can occur during childbirth, surgery, or other trauma.

4. Interstitial Cystitis

Interstitial cystitis is a chronic condition that causes inflammation of the bladder wall. The exact cause of interstitial cystitis is unknown, but it is thought to be related to an autoimmune disorder.

5. Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy for cancer can damage the bladder and lead to cystitis.

Symptoms of Cystitis

The symptoms of cystitis can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Common symptoms include:

Frequent urination

Painful urination

Burning sensation during urination

Urgency to urinate

Cloudy or foul-smelling urine

Blood in the urine

Pelvic pain

Diagnosis of Cystitis

Your doctor will diagnose cystitis based on your symptoms and a physical examination. Your doctor may also order a urine test to check for bacteria or other signs of infection.

Treatment of Cystitis

The treatment for cystitis will depend on the cause of the condition. If the cystitis is caused by a bacterial infection, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics. If the cystitis is caused by irritation, your doctor may recommend avoiding the irritants that are causing the problem. If the cystitis is caused by interstitial cystitis, your doctor may prescribe medications to reduce inflammation.

Prevention of Cystitis

There are a number of things you can do to prevent cystitis, including:

Drink plenty of fluids, especially water.

Avoid caffeine and alcohol.

Empty your bladder frequently.

Wipe from front to back after using the toilet.

Use condoms during sex.

See your doctor if you have any symptoms of cystitis.

Complications of Cystitis

If left untreated, cystitis can lead to a number of complications, including:

Kidney infection

Bladder stones



Outlook for Cystitis

With prompt treatment, most cases of cystitis can be cured. However, if the cystitis is caused by an underlying condition, such as interstitial cystitis, it may be more difficult to treat.

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