How to care for hand, foot and mouth disease with diet

Maternal and child health

How to Care for Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease with Diet


Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common childhood illness caused by a virus. It is spread through contact with contaminated saliva, feces, or objects. Symptoms of HFMD include fever, sore throat, loss of appetite, and a rash on the hands, feet, and mouth.

There is no specific treatment for HFMD, but supportive care can help relieve symptoms and prevent complications. One important aspect of supportive care is following a healthy diet.

What to Eat

A healthy diet for someone with HFMD should include plenty of fluids, fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Fluids are important to help prevent dehydration, which can occur due to fever and vomiting. Fruits and vegetables provide vitamins and minerals that can help support the immune system and fight off the virus. Whole grains provide fiber, which can help regulate bowel movements and prevent constipation.

Some specific foods that are good to eat during HFMD include:

Clear liquids, such as water, broth, and electrolyte drinks









What to Avoid

There are a few foods that should be avoided during HFMD, as they can irritate the mouth and throat. These foods include:

Acidic foods, such as citrus fruits and tomatoes

Spicy foods

Salty foods

Hard foods

Sticky foods

Feeding Tips

If your child has HFMD, it is important to offer them small, frequent meals and snacks. This will help them stay hydrated and prevent them from getting too hungry. You may also need to offer them soft foods that are easy to eat, such as mashed potatoes, yogurt, or applesauce.

If your child is not eating or drinking well, you should contact your doctor. They may recommend giving your child intravenous (IV) fluids to prevent dehydration.

Other Tips

In addition to following a healthy diet, there are a few other things you can do to help care for your child during HFMD:

Rest: Encourage your child to get plenty of rest. This will help their body fight off the virus.

Wash your hands: Wash your hands frequently with soap and water to prevent the spread of the virus.

Clean surfaces: Clean surfaces that your child has come into contact with with a disinfectant to kill the virus.

Stay home: Keep your child home from school or daycare until they are fever-free and the rash has cleared up.

HFMD is a common childhood illness, but it can be uncomfortable for your child. By following these tips, you can help your child get through the illness more quickly and comfortably.

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